Concept of Performance Appraisal
Performance appraisal is a process of evaluating an employee’s work performance and productivity over a specific period. It involves setting objectives, assessing progress towards these objectives, providing feedback, and identifying opportunities for growth and development. Here are some definitions of performance appraisal from scholars:
According to Gary Dessler, “Performance appraisal is the process of evaluating the performance and progress of an employee or a group of employees on a given job and his/her potential for future development.”
According to Milkovich and Boudreau, “Performance appraisal is the process by which an organization evaluates individual performance and productivity, and sets future goals and objectives for individual employees.”
According to Edwin B. Flippo, “Performance appraisal is a systematic, periodic, and impartial rating of an employee’s excellence in matters pertaining to his present job and his potential for a better job.”
Overall, performance appraisal is a critical tool for evaluating employee performance, providing feedback and guidance, and identifying opportunities for growth and development. By providing regular feedback and guidance, employees can feel supported and motivated to perform their best and contribute to the success of the organization.