Concept of Selection
Selection is the process of choosing the most suitable candidate from a pool of applicants for a particular job or role. The selection process is an important part of human resource management, as it helps organizations to identify and hire candidates who are best suited for the job and the organization.
Scholars have defined selection in different ways. Here are a few definitions:
- According to Edwin B. Flippo, “Selection is the process of differentiating between applicants in order to identify and hire those with a greater likelihood of success in a job.”
- Michael Armstrong defines selection as “the process of gathering and assessing information about job applicants in order to determine whether they are suitable for the job.”
- According to Gary Dessler, “Selection is the process of choosing individuals with the right qualifications and personal characteristics to fill jobs in an organization.”
In essence, selection involves a systematic process of evaluating job candidates based on a set of criteria such as skills, qualifications, experience, personality traits, and cultural fit. This process typically involves multiple stages, including screening, interviewing, and assessment, and is designed to ensure that the best candidate is chosen for the job. Effective selection processes can help organizations to improve their overall